Sortix nightly manual
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|EVP_ENCODEINIT(3)||Library Functions Manual||EVP_ENCODEINIT(3)|
EVP base64 encode/decode routines
#include <openssl/evp.h>EVP_ENCODE_CTX *
EVP_ENCODE_CTX_free(EVP_ENCODE_CTX *ctx); void
EVP_EncodeInit(EVP_ENCODE_CTX *ctx); int
EVP_EncodeUpdate(EVP_ENCODE_CTX *ctx, unsigned char *out, int *outl, const unsigned char *in, int inl); void
EVP_EncodeFinal(EVP_ENCODE_CTX *ctx, unsigned char *out, int *outl); int
EVP_EncodeBlock(unsigned char *t, const unsigned char *f, int n); void
EVP_DecodeInit(EVP_ENCODE_CTX *ctx); int
EVP_DecodeUpdate(EVP_ENCODE_CTX *ctx, unsigned char *out, int *outl, const unsigned char *in, int inl); int
EVP_DecodeFinal(EVP_ENCODE_CTX *ctx, unsigned char *out, int *outl); int
EVP_DecodeBlock(unsigned char *t, const unsigned char *f, int n);
EVP_ENCODE_CTX_new() allocates, initializes and returns a context to be used for the encode and decode functions.
EVP_ENCODE_CTX_free() frees ctx. Encoding of binary data is performed in blocks of 48 input bytes (or less for the final block). For each 48-byte input block encoded, 64 bytes of base64 data is output, plus an additional newline character, i.e. 65 bytes in total. The final block, which may be less than 48 bytes, will output 4 bytes for every 3 bytes of input. If the data length is not divisible by 3, then a full 4 bytes is still output for the final 1 or 2 bytes of input. Similarly a newline character will also be output.
EVP_EncodeInit() initialises ctx for the start of a new encoding operation.
EVP_EncodeUpdate() encodes inl bytes of data found in the buffer pointed to by in. The output is stored in the buffer out and the number of bytes output is stored in *outl. It is the caller's responsibility to ensure that the buffer at out is sufficiently large to accommodate the output data. Only full blocks of data (48 bytes) will be immediately processed and output by this function. Any remainder is held in the ctx object and will be processed by a subsequent call to
EVP_EncodeFinal(). To calculate the required size of the output buffer, add together the value of inl with the amount of unprocessed data held in ctx and divide the result by 48 (ignore any remainder). This gives the number of blocks of data that will be processed. Ensure the output buffer contains 65 bytes of storage for each block, plus an additional byte for a NUL terminator.
EVP_EncodeUpdate() may be called repeatedly to process large amounts of input data. In the event of an error ,
EVP_EncodeUpdate() will set *outl to 0 and return 0. On success 1 will be returned.
EVP_EncodeFinal() must be called at the end of an encoding operation. It will process any partial block of data remaining in the ctx object. The output data will be stored in out and the length of the data written will be stored in *outl. It is the caller's responsibility to ensure that out is sufficiently large to accommodate the output data, which will never be more than 65 bytes plus an additional NUL terminator, i.e. 66 bytes in total.
EVP_EncodeBlock() encodes a full block of input data in f and of length n and stores it in t. For every 3 bytes of input provided, 4 bytes of output data will be produced. If n is not divisible by 3, then the block is encoded as a final block of data and the output is padded such that it is always divisible by 4. Additionally a NUL terminator character will be added. For example, if 16 bytes of input data are provided, then 24 bytes of encoded data is created plus 1 byte for a NUL terminator, i.e. 25 bytes in total. The length of the data generated without the NUL terminator is returned from the function.
EVP_DecodeInit() initialises ctx for the start of a new decoding operation.
EVP_DecodeUpdate() decodes inl characters of data found in the buffer pointed to by in. The output is stored in the buffer out and the number of bytes output is stored in *outl. It is the caller's responsibility to ensure that the buffer at out is sufficiently large to accommodate the output data. This function will attempt to decode as much data as possible in 4-byte chunks. Any whitespace, newline or carriage return characters are ignored. Any partial chunk of unprocessed data (1, 2 or 3 bytes) that remains at the end will be held in the ctx object and processed by a subsequent call to
EVP_DecodeUpdate(). If any illegal base64 characters are encountered or if the base64 padding character "=" is encountered in the middle of the data, then the function returns -1 to indicate an error. A return value of 0 or 1 indicates successful processing of the data. A return value of 0 additionally indicates that the last input data characters processed included the base64 padding character "=" and therefore no more non-padding character data is expected to be processed. For every 4 valid base64 bytes processed — ignoring whitespace, carriage returns and line feeds — 3 bytes of binary output data will be produced, or less at the end of the data where the padding character "=" has been used.
EVP_DecodeFinal() must be called at the end of a decoding operation. If there is any unprocessed data still in ctx, then the input data must not have been a multiple of 4 and therefore an error has occurred. The function will return -1 in this case. Otherwise the function returns 1 on success.
EVP_DecodeBlock() will decode the block of n characters of base64 data contained in f and store the result in t. Any leading whitespace will be trimmed as will any trailing whitespace, newlines, carriage returns or EOF characters. After such trimming the length of the data in f must be divisible by 4. For every 4 input bytes, exactly 3 output bytes will be produced. The output will be padded with 0 bits if necessary to ensure that the output is always 3 bytes for every 4 input bytes. This function will return the length of the data decoded or -1 on error.
EVP_ENCODE_CTX_new() returns a pointer to the newly allocated EVP_ENCODE_CTX object or
EVP_EncodeUpdate() returns 0 on error or 1 on success.
EVP_EncodeBlock() returns the number of bytes encoded excluding the NUL terminator.
EVP_DecodeUpdate() returns -1 on error and 0 or 1 on success. If 0 is returned, then no more non-padding base64 characters are expected.
EVP_DecodeFinal() returns -1 on error or 1 on success.
EVP_DecodeBlock() returns the length of the data decoded or -1 on error. BIO_f_base64(3), evp(3)
EVP_Decode*() functions first appeared in SSLeay 0.5.1 and have been available since OpenBSD 2.4.
EVP_ENCODE_CTX_free() first appeared in OpenSSL 1.1.0 and have been available since OpenBSD 6.5.
|June 6, 2019||Debian|